One of the things that I think has baffled a lot of people is the correlation between science and spirituality. That one can simply exist without the other. I believe quite the contrary. There are many things in history that have persuaded this idea in my mind, among them the project on Copernicus I did my sophomore year. Copernicus was an avid monk for before going on to rediscover one of the most groundbreaking cases to kick off the Age of Enlightenment. But it was his fervent belief in God that he discovered this, and his discovery that flourished his belief. The two worked hand in hand, and did so for many other scientists, for as long as they worked to conceptualize the universe around them in a sense that could be made for those of less vision, they couldn’t understand how it all ‘was’ without a presence, without God. Why does math work? What is consciousness? What is life? And the more they sought after these and other questions, the more they realized, or, thought they realized, that there was definitely something more out there, for how could the universe even work? How could it be so mathematically predictable (by certain means, anyway)? Why is everything the way it is?
One of the things that spurred on this post was a video I saw a while ago about Borromean Rings. For those who do not know what these are, they are, traditionally, three circles that form a unity that is unbreakable, but when you separate one from the others, they fall apart. A triad. A trinity. This symbol dates back thousands of years, and appeared in Buddhist temples. It can be seen through multiple different religions, and is probably one of the most influential symbols that we underestimate. You see, this symbol also happens to have mathematical and scientific properties. Whereas spiritually it represents:
Among so many more. It has been thought of as, the number three, trinities and triads, being the most influential arrangement of deities in the history of religion. And yet, we can make a reach out for science and religion in the depths of all of this spiritual talk.
In mathematics, the Knot Theory, concerning the Borromean Rings, were originally called Brunnian Links. They are links where no two links interlock, or, conveniently, link. The removal of any link leads to the collapse of the entire system. But, all together, the links, or rings, are inseparable. This was used to show that the linking number is not sufficient in distinguishing links. The linking number, according to Wikipedia, is numerical invariant that describes the linking of two closed curves in three-dimensional space. Intuitively, the linking number represents the number of times that each curve winds around the other. All right, Math!
Physics. The Borromean nuclei applies to particle physics. This is composed of three parts within the halo nucleus of heavy isotopes, the core and two neutrons that extend beyond the core and form the halo cloud. With the removal of any one of these components, the entire system falls apart. Borromean States in Quantum physics. This one is hard to wrap my head around, mainly because I am not familiar with the jargon, or perhaps it’s just because I’m human and haven’t extensively researched this enough to familiarize myself with every aspect? Either or. Anyways, the quantum state of a multiparticle system is said to be entangled if its wave function cannot be expressed as a product of the wave functions of the individual particles. So, this part I sort of get. So for every particle there is a wave function. When you add particles, it equates as another wave function, because that is the product of the two together, right? So, if these or more do not result in a wave function that is a product of the individual particles’ wave function, then it is, in effect, entangled. All right, get it. Now, the GHZ (Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger) quantum state is the entanglement of three particles. So, now if we collapse the wave function and remove the associated component in a link, it has some interesting consequences. If the system spins on the z axis, and one wave function is collapsed, the remaining system can be factorised (relationships of the system can be categorized). If it spins on the x axis, the system is then modeled by the torus link (not the Borromean link; torus link actually has interlocking links): whichever wave function is collapsed the system remains entangled (due to the interlocking links, which the Borromean Rings do not have). There are other quantum states which can be devised which depends on the spin. All right, wonderful discussion, my head hurts.
Upon more research, I have found more concerning the relationship with science, but my mind hurts too much at the moment to really butt further into this.
And, as I look back upon my short statement here, I realize I have sort of meandered a bit.
So, back on track.
One of the things that I realized is that the age of science came well after the first use of this symbol, or system. That we have literally used this symbol throughout time, not really knowing that there was a use for it in the applicable world of science, mathematics and physics. It is interesting, then, how it came about in the first place, and why? Why? And, a question that I can’t seem to articulate at the moment hovers over my tongue. This symbol has been with humanity for a very long time, how did we come about it? Why did we come about it? Buddhists were the first ones to draw it, as of what we know at the moment. They were the ones who first unraveled this string, and we are still pulling it. What is at the end of that string? Why has it lasted this long? Questions that would seem to be easy to answer, but a straightforward remark on the subject seems to falter at its feet.